The Ultimate Guide To Crypto Terms And Jargon

The lively crypto community actively gathers on social media, especially on Twitter and Telegram, communicating through a peculiar language known as “crypto lingo” or “crypto slang.” This unique language represents a distinctive aspect of the community, creating a sense of belonging and an easily recognizable way of communication in the digital landscape.

As it happens in other technological sectors, especially for gaming, a set of specific terms and expressions has emerged in the field of cryptocurrencies. These terms may seem cryptic to newcomers but are essential to fully understanding the functioning and dynamics of the ecosystem.

In this article, we have created a glossary of the most commonly used terms in the cryptocurrency sector, along with a practical guide to help you decipher them!

Cryptocurrency Glossary: all the terms you need to know from A to Z


Anon is simply an abbreviation of “anonymous” and refers to users who do not reveal their identity.


The term is a combination of “alternative” and “coin” and refers to all cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin. Bitcoin is considered the first cryptocurrency, while altcoins include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, and many others.

Bear market

The term “bear market” refers to a prolonged period of declining prices of cryptocurrencies or any other financial asset. During a bear market, the demand for cryptocurrencies decreases, and prices tend to fall.

Bull market

In contrast, the term “bull market” refers to a prolonged period of rising prices of cryptocurrencies or other financial assets. During a bull market, the demand for cryptocurrencies increases, and prices tend to rise. Investors can profit from a bull market, which is why there is a certain optimism within the investor community.


DApp stands for “Decentralized Application.” A DApp is an application that runs on a decentralized blockchain network, such as Ethereum. Unlike traditional apps, they are built using smart contracts and operate autonomously, without the need for a central authority to manage data or transactions.


“DeFi” stands for “Decentralized Finance.” It refers to a set of financial applications and protocols built on blockchain technology, aiming to offer traditional financial services in a more open, transparent, and decentralized manner.

DeFi applications eliminate the intermediation of centralized financial institutions like banks and intermediaries, allowing users to interact directly with financial protocols through smart contracts. Some of the financial services offered by DeFi applications include cryptocurrency lending and borrowing, cryptocurrency exchange intermediation, liquidity aggregation, and yield farming.


“DYOR,” which stands for “Do Your Own Research,” is a fundamental term in the world of cryptocurrencies and investments in general. It is an important reminder for investors to take responsibility for conducting thorough research before making financial decisions. DYOR means that studying, analyzing, and understanding the details of a project, cryptocurrency, or investment opportunity before committing one’s money is essential.


The acronym FOMO stands for “Fear Of Missing Out.” This term is widely used, but not exclusively, in the context of cryptocurrencies to describe the anxiety or fear that arises when investors are afraid of missing out on a profitable investment opportunity. FOMO can often lead to irrational decisions or impulsivity in investments.


The acronym FUD stands for “Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt.” It is used to describe tactics aimed at spreading negative or discouraging information about a cryptocurrency or project to influence the price or public opinion. Individuals or groups spreading FUD often pursue personal interests or oppose a particular project.


This term, born out of a typo in the word “hold,” has become one of the most famous slogans in the world of cryptocurrencies. “HODL” refers to the act of holding onto cryptocurrencies regardless of market fluctuations and not succumbing to the temptation of selling during price dips. It is often associated with a long-term investment strategy and the belief in the future value of cryptocurrencies.


“ICO” stands for “Initial Coin Offering.” It is a fundraising method used by cryptocurrency projects to raise capital in the early stages of development. During an ICO, investors can purchase newly issued tokens in exchange for established cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum. ICOs gained popularity in the early years of the cryptocurrency industry but have faced increased regulation due to potential scams and fraudulent projects.


The term “moon” is used in the cryptocurrency community to describe a significant increase in the price of a cryptocurrency. When a cryptocurrency is said to “moon,” it means that its value has skyrocketed, often resulting in substantial profits for early investors.

Private key

The private key is a secret and cryptographically secure string of characters that allows users to access and control their funds in a cryptocurrency wallet. It is a critical element for the security of cryptocurrencies as it enables the digital signing of transactions and proves ownership of the funds. It is crucial to securely protect one’s private key as unauthorized access can result in the loss of funds.

Pump and Dump

“Pump and dump” refers to a manipulative trading scheme often seen in the cryptocurrency market. It involves artificially inflating the price of a cryptocurrency through misleading or false information to attract investors. Once the price has reached a certain level, the manipulators sell their holdings, causing the price to crash, and leaving other investors with losses.


“Rekt” is a slang term derived from “wrecked” and is widely used in the context of cryptocurrencies to describe a situation where an investor has suffered a significant or total loss due to a price crash or a bad investment decision. When someone is “rekt,” it means they have experienced a severe financial setback.


“Rugpull” is a term used to describe a scam or fraudulent action where the creators of a crypto project suddenly abandon the project, taking away the investors’ funds. This dishonest behavior can occur when the creators of a project exploit the trust of investors for personal gain.


The acronym “SAFU,” which stands for “Secure Asset Fund for Users,” was initially introduced by a cryptocurrency exchange to reassure users about the security of their funds. The term has become popular in the crypto world and is often used to indicate the security of a project or platform.


The term “shilling” is used to describe the act of excessively or often fraudulently promoting a cryptocurrency or project. Individuals who engage in shilling try to convince others to invest in a particular project, even if it may be risky or unreliable. It is important to be cautious of shillers and conduct independent research before making investment decisions.

Smart Contract

A “smart contract” is a self-executing contract with the terms of the agreement directly written into lines of code. Smart contracts run on a blockchain network and automatically execute actions once predefined conditions are met. They enable trustless and tamper-proof transactions without the need for intermediaries


A “stablecoin” is a type of cryptocurrency designed to have a stable value, usually pegged to a fiat currency like the US Dollar or a commodity like gold. Stablecoins aim to reduce the volatility commonly associated with cryptocurrencies, making them more suitable for everyday transactions and store-of-value purposes.


Staking is a process where users lock their cryptocurrencies in a wallet or on a specific platform to support the operations of a blockchain. In exchange for locking and holding their coins, users receive rewards in the form of interest or new cryptocurrencies. Staking allows participants to contribute to the security and functioning of blockchains while potentially earning passive returns.


The acronym “WAGMI,” which stands for “We Are Gonna Make It,” is an expression of optimism and confidence used in the context of cryptocurrencies. It indicates the belief that a particular project or investment will be successful and bring profits.


In the cryptocurrency world, a “whale” refers to an individual or entity that holds a significant amount of cryptocurrency. Whales often can influence market prices due to the large volume of assets they control. Their trading decisions can cause significant fluctuations in the market and impact smaller investors.


A whitepaper is a detailed technical document that describes a project, technology, or cryptocurrency. In the context of cryptocurrencies, whitepapers explain the functioning of a specific cryptocurrency, its purpose, its technical architecture, and other relevant aspects.


This article provides a comprehensive glossary of the most common terms in the cryptocurrency industry, along with a practical guide to help you understand this unique language. We have covered a wide range of terms, from fundamental concepts like DeFi, Smart Contracts, and staking, to more specific ones like FOMO, HODL, and shilling.

The “crypto lingo” is an intrinsic part of the world of cryptocurrencies. Learning these terms will enable you to participate consciously and safely in discussions and conversations within the crypto community, as well as make informed investment decisions.

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